What Are AEM Components

In the world of Adobe Experience Manager (AEM), “Components” have a central role. AEM Components are reusable modules that form the basic building blocks of an AEM web page. They allow developers and content authors to construct and design web pages in a flexible and efficient manner.

Key Takeaways

  • AEM Components are modular elements that form the foundation of an AEM web page.
  • They allow for the creation of dynamic, personalized, and interactive web content.
  • AEM Components can be out-of-the-box (provided by AEM) or custom (created by developers).
  • The “Component Console” in AEM is used for managing components.
  • Components can be grouped into “Component Groups” for better organization.

Understanding AEM Components

AEM Components are the modular pieces used to construct a complete AEM web page. They can be considered as the “Lego blocks” of a web page, each providing a specific functionality or a set of functionalities. These can range from simple text fields and images, to more complex structures like carousels or interactive forms.

The Role of AEM Components

AEM Components play a crucial role in building engaging and interactive web content. They allow marketers and content authors to design and construct web pages without requiring extensive coding knowledge. With AEM Components, creating a webpage is as simple as dragging and dropping components onto the page and configuring them as per the needs.

Types of AEM Components

AEM Components can largely be categorized into two types:

  1. Out-of-the-box Components: These are pre-defined components provided by AEM, which cover a wide range of functionalities.
  2. Custom Components: These are components created by developers to meet specific requirements that are not covered by out-of-the-box components.

Managing AEM Components

The “Component Console” in AEM is the central place for managing components. It provides a comprehensive view of all available components, their details, and allows you to create, edit, or delete components.

AEM Component Groups

Components can be organized into “Component Groups” for better manageability. These groups can be based on function (like navigation components, form components, etc.), or they can be project-specific.

Developing Custom AEM Components

AEM provides a robust framework for developers to create custom components. A custom component typically includes a JSP or HTML file for rendering, a Java class for business logic, and an XML file for configuration.


AEM Components are a critical aspect of the Adobe Experience Manager’s architecture. They provide the flexibility and modularity needed to create dynamic, engaging web content. By understanding the role, types, and management of AEM Components, one can effectively leverage the power of AEM to deliver a rich user experience.

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